It is the most northerly country in North America. Its size is 9.98 million kilometers to the Great Oceanic, Northern Arctic Sea. With this feature, it is the second largest country in the world in terms of surface area. The common border between the United States and Canada is the world's longest land border. In the Canadian territory there are mostly forests, as well as the tundra in the Rocky Mountains. Four inhabitants of the population live close to the southern border. In Canada, time is usually cold or very cold in winter, but the areas in the south of Canada are hot in the summer. Canada has been an area where Aborigines have lived for thousands of years.  In the late 15th century, British and French colonies began to establish their first colonies around the Atlantic coast. The region was later fully controlled by the British. However, the United Kingdom has lost its power in the territories of today's Canada, particularly in North America, with various wars from the end of the 18th century. However, Canada is still part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. At the same time, the country is a federation established in 1867 by the Confederation law, governed by a decentralized, constitutional monarchy of 10 states and 3 regions. Canadian capital is Ottawa. The country is affiliated to both the Francophone and the British Commonwealth. Canada is a modern and technologically advanced country, and is generally self-sufficient in terms of fossil fuel resources, nuclear power generation and hydropower generation facilities and energy. The economy is traditionally based on high natural resources. Although modern Canadian economy has diversified, the use of natural resources is still an important part of most regional economies. It is expected that the southern neighbor of the United States will have one-tenth of the population and Canada's economic power will be one-tenth; in reality it is more than that.